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About Tanzania



United Republic of Tanzania




Tanzania is a land of plains; lakes and mountains with a narrow coastal belt. It is located in Latitude 1 ‘S to 11 ‘S and Longitude 29 ‘E and 41 ‘E. It borders Indian Ocean to the East; Uganda and Kenya to the North; Mozambique, Malawi Zambia to the South; Zaire, Rwanda, and Burundi to the West.



43,739,000 (2009 estimate)



945,097sq. km - more than 53,000 sq. km of Land mass is covered by inland water, two water bodies in the eastern Africa Rift Valley


Neighbouring Countries:

Kenya, Uganda, to the North, Burundi, Rwanda, Zaire to the West, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique to the South.



Dar es Salaam, with Parliament at Dodoma



Tanzania Shilling



Tropical climate; temperatures hot humid on the coast, warm dry at the central plateau. Hottest months October - February. There are two Rainy Seasons:

  • March / June Long rains
  • November / December short rains.
  • However rain patterns are unreliable
Population Growth:

Birth Rate 2.8% is based at (1988 Census)


Population Density:

460 persons per sq. km.



5.3 persons



Swahili (National Language); English is spoken. Vernaculars are declining.



Local time, GMT + 3 hours.



230 volts

The Country is divided into twenty six Administration Regions with 130 Districts in Mainland; and 25 districts in the Isles. Executive Power rests with the President as the head of the Country assisted by Parliament.

About 80% of the people are peasants who grow subsistence crops such as maize, rice, cassava, bananas, beans, vegetable, Cash crops include coffee, tea, cotton, tobacco, sugar, sisal, cashew nuts,. Pastoralism and fishing comprise major activity.



The Country is rich in minerals. Gold mining comprises 3% of the country’s GPN.  Available minerals include:  Gold, Tin ore, Iron ore, Bauxite ore, Coal, Nickel Cobalt, Gas. Exploration is going on for other minerals .



Population is estimated at 40m people; coherent as seen. Poverty alleviation is the primary task of the government upon the people. Programmes are  executed by the Local government machinery. The Country is fortunate in having no tribal conflicts; no dominant tribe or linguistic divisions

Tanzania has rich cultural heritage of about 120 ethnic groups majority being of Bantu origin. Maasai are Nilo - Hermetic minority. Arabs influenced Zanzibar Islands and coastal land strip evidenced in Arabic culture and religion. Indians and Arabs make the minority.



There are 3 faith groupings; about 20% Animists; Christians 42, Moslems 32%; others 6%; which include Buddhists; Hindus; etc. In Tanzania religion plays important roles in the community. Religion authorities run education programmes; medical services and Awareness facilitation. No evidence of religious bias, political strife or civil friction.


Freedom of Speech:

is exemplary in East Africa; of recent times hot debates have being surfacing in the parliament.



Executive Power rests with the President and the National Assembly. Constitution is undergoing review.


Political Parties: The Country is multiparty politics, with 11 parties. Chama cha Mapinduzi, (CCM) or Revolution party is leading and runs the government. Before 1992 there existed one party CCM (socialist oriented). In late 1990’s TLP & CUF were stronger in the opposition. Beginning 2005; CHADEMA outsmarted in the opposition and now leads the opposition. (NCCR- Mageuzi), United Democratic Party (UDP) and other parties are faring well.




  Address: National Office of Tz YMCA, Kilimanjaro Road, P.O. Box 85 MOSHI, Tanzania
Tel: 256-55-2752923 | Fax: 255-55-2751734 | E-mail: ymcatanzania@gmail.com